Women Today, June 14, 1971

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 Russell D. Long (D.-Le.) introduced The Child Care Services Act of 1971 (S. 2003) in the Senate   The bill would create a Federal Child Care Corporation financed by a $500mlllion loan from the government‘ ,_  corporation in turn, would contract out to establish child care centers financed by fees paid by, the , 4 posters. The Federal government would have the power to pay all of the fees for mothers on welfare who sfiklhha. The bill would also raise from $600 to $1,000 the amount a parent can deduct for the care of a-


‘flue flit! Federal Coast of Appeals decision directly holding that employers may not discriminate against  women workers on the excuse of complying with state laws imposing special restrictions on hours offiwi  or weight lifting for women was handed down June 1. The case was brought under Title‘Vll of the Civil =~=~  Rights Act of 1964 by Leah Rosenfeld, whose employer, Southern Pacific Company, refused to give her a “ lab as agent-telegrapher on the ground that to do so would place the company in violation of California’: laws and regulations prohibiting women from lifting more than 25 pounds or workinglonger than 8 or 10 hours a day. Mrs. Rosenfeld, a family breadwinner and mother of 12 children, had four times been denied the higher paying position because of these restrictive laws.




‘The Court held that a woman, or a man, can be excluded from a job "only upon a showing of individual _  .§noa_pacity" and that Title Vil's purpose was "to eliminate subjective assumptions and traditional stereo- uftg_ped conceptions regarding the physical ability of women to do particular work."

W  Rosenfeld was represented by private counsel. Human Rights for Women, lnc., filed an amicus curiae svuhrief in her behalf, as did the EEOC. For further information, write to: Human Rights for Women, lnc., "1128 National Press Building, Washington, D.C.. 20004.

iilligmenattv emnoveo women TO HOLD conrenence

The second annual F.E.W. Conference will be held June 25 and 26 at the George Washington University

 W Center in Washington, D.C. "The Federal Women's Program---Fact or Fiction?” will be the title of this con- . " ference with discussion on problems and recommendations for increasing the effectiveness of the Federal  Women's Program and F.E.W. in eliminating sex discrimination in government employment. Charge is $25 for the complete pacltage,excluding hotel. For further information, contact: Barbara Boardman,‘2725 Nicholson Street, West Hyattsville, Maryland.


The Spring issue of the Journal of the National Association of Women Deans and Counselors focuses on "Women's Roles, Labels and Stereotypes" and contains well-documented and stimulating articles on a variety of issues relating to women. An earlier issue published in the Fall of 1970 featured articles by experts such , as Dr. Doris Seward, Col. Jeanne Holm, Elizabeth Duncan Koontz and Dr. Evan Schindler-Rainman, who V explore some of the problems facing women educators as well as other aspects of the women's movement. Single copies of the journal are available for $2 from the NAWDC, 1201 16th Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20036. Also available is a copy of the resolutions endorsed on March 27 at the 1971 annual convention in St. Louis. '

went. euacrs BARBARA J. MOORE

On Saturday, June 5, the New York State Chapter of the Women's Equity Action League (WEAL) elected: President - Barbara J. Moore, New York, editor of WOMEN TODAY; Vice President - Ruth Ginzburg, New York, an attorney in private practice and a member of the faculty at Rutgers Law School; Secretary - Stephenie Carey, Syracuse, a printer; and Treasurer - Mary Gallagher, New York, a professor of linguistics at Queens College.


WEAL._composed mainly of influential professional women and dedicated to "responsible rebellion" against discrimination in employment, education, and tax inequities, will soon have chapters nationwide. ,, . Convenors have already beenselected for 30 states. For further information, contact the organization's V s  ..founder, Mrs. Elizabeth Boyer, 7857 Dines Road, Novelty, Ohio 44072.

Gloom ruaucatiotas ‘ ten



" t  ' DEMOCRATS CHARGE NlXON wm-l ‘BLOCl(lNG'_WOMElll  Posts

A The Nikon Administration effectively blocks women from high-paying policy positions, Vbe Oltefinh . Mary Lou Burg of the Democratic Natienii Committee eharuadovn‘-‘Bey "27 "in Wash ington. "Alflj

V V are some 10,000 Federafioba that $2Q,0Oi)_ ayear ormdre,  held  if   said, citing an in-depth surveyfitaked by the DNC_te determilt‘e>ti'\evleI§t§¥t9:i   ‘ N ' ' anlielntmonr positions or  levels of 691*? or l-ieher. " T‘    ‘" ‘ *9 ».«.


  "While past adrninlst‘rati,o.n‘s"‘have a scarcely better track record," his. Burg said, “they were, fllfiilflipl _ _ of theirtimes. The Nixon Administration is not keeping up with the dynamic movement toward equal at-.—~ ployment for women." While he has appointed women to fill the top positions that have become known 1 "women's work"---Treasurer of the United States, Director of the Mint, and Director of the Women’: III'O_*-no he has made very few innovative appointments such as putting a woman into a job previously held by e um”. she continued. A ~ T ‘ 

l'n'38 ‘agencies or governmental units, ranging from" the Office of Architect of the Capitol--which has two V -‘lions available above the level of GS-17--to the Defense Department, where excepting the 144 Am? lD0,Nlbfl,,~ there are no women filling 1,209 super-grade iobs, according to the survey. In those departmentsend _ ’ employing women at high levels, the record is not much better---four out of 221 at Health, Education Welfare, one out of 102 at the Department of Agriculture, 12 out of 730 at the State Depal‘tiR0lIt.,II"|& out of 23 at the Federal Communications Commission, among all the others that are aquaii,xi,iIele_¢oQ

_ "  The Democratic study found that administration claims of appointing more than 200 women to cull  P

 flute mussuoasas, eevisarv-«councils are ambiguous. "laces eeeeieenaetaaee clustered in sheer-adiaieeal areas ‘ '”  l deemed 'propar'- for woman---the arts and education" fls. lure said. For example, a total of 02 are on a ,, single committee, the Advisory Committee on the Arts of the John F. Kennedy Center for the Parfolrning; Arts. Only three of the more than 150 of these units have a woman chairman. For detailed informationou this study, contact Ms. Burg at the Democratic National Committee, 2600 Virginia Avenue, N.W.,  vi?-v‘,¥ ington, D.C. 20037. A


Aileen Hernandez, president of the National Organization for Women, announced on May 13 tiIi!’ilIV~0!illI- ~"i""’~ ization will file a request for a writ of mandamus or take other action against the Secretary oftebbr, the .§ Secretary of Defense and the Director of the Office of Gontractlcompiianoe’ for not enforcing Executive H246 as amended unless enforcement-is ordered by July 30. Citing July 30 as the one~y.eer annie.Q'aaft§_., nationwide demonstrations demanding enforcement or the Executive Drderwhioh bans discrirnilsatfin N


;  It i promised to develop regulations to include women in the requirements forafflrmative action  " '

— 3'5, - tables. The many months that followed have been marked by delay and hypocrisy_....in some  V 4 country, the Department of Defense is not requiring contractors to submit affirmative action all _‘ I V I at "9" '1  Well on the basis that the population includes less than three percent minorities." ens  ' or ‘C " a state in the union where women are less than three percent of the POP!-llaition"' .  i  O  ’_.  ' ‘

vi crlolueenlalo ls LATEST PROFESSION IN CAREERS FOR woman settles

The latest leaflet in the Department of Labor women's Bureau series on careers for Women is "Why Not Be An Engineer?" This series contains basic data about various professions including 0090flllflitlQ1’(§V~"Xflq”¢‘ entities’, ttieiningrequired and resources for additional ieiirmition. OK   , , '

pharmacist, medical technologist, mathematician, public relations worker, tacllnicel writer, peflblihli Qilieh . ist, urban planner and apprentice. Single copies are available without charge trorn the Worneyfs Iilrl!_fllI..,J“‘

Workplace Standards Administration, u.s. Department of Labor, Washington. D.C. 20402. in qspaestilm. ’ "Va; ‘ ‘ may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.8. Printing Office, Washington, D.C‘,‘  _ at io cents each, except for "technical writer”, which is 5 cents, with a discount of 25   is "100 copies or more of a single publication. ‘ _ H ' , _  M  ,


Norwegian ex-stewardess Turl Wideroe, the first woman to worlt as acrylic! on a scheduled airiine:  A - A oeived the Harmon ‘trophy. one of aviation's most coveted awards. Other recipients _in¢W4'¢’  _ , ‘ Apollo ll pioneer moon landing team and a pair of British RAF pilots who flew a VTOL  ‘ Atlantic. Ms, Wideroe flies with Scandinavian Airlines. . A ' . ’ T 

 molars in ms rsawsearan mousrav EXAMINED . « . I

The American Newspaper Guild recently released "Equality---Howl‘: a report to the 1070 ANS  ‘on Sex Discrimination and Women's Rights in the industry last Novemberin Among  . covered in the report are women and the Guild: Collective Iengaining,.whl¢h includes e model  I ' ltlainsnary of the Fair Employment Practices of all .neeflvIlIer and maaaaine oa[ntraele:’and,telnrn_er‘iee-0! fie clauses on vacancvllirenlotion, wage and maternity leave. l-'or~nsa;e,e  dafhlQfii*lVWW':~ contact the American newspaper Guild, 1 no real Strut, ll.te..  o.c.  » -'










-434. .


 i   _,     _ .  g gainer:-s  new more state Oommetzde oanereniaasivras abolished as or steel.  airmen which was eatabliehadln tun hescreeted and produced nu ; ,   Forums for Women, small ltssinessyclinios, Job Fiesta and the -.   Conference. Under the direction or Deputy Comm_lesionar‘Guin,.i_-loll. ltisew jbvielon organised  several major conferences including Governor lociiefeilefs Conleronea  , Vlomonwconferenca on Economic Development and the symposium on Job Horixelfia fir vim. .       ~ ‘DOLLAIV AMENWQT READY

*   to a legislative status report prepared by the Washington, o;c., chapter of WEAL, hearings on *‘*'i7.";I‘;”I.‘ 7130 have been completed and markup is expected sometime this month. The resolution, sponsored. ‘ "fiyfflep. John H. Dent (D.-Pa.l, amends the Fair Labor standards Act toaxtend coverage to include 13 . A n executive, adrninletrativoand professional employees. Now is the time to voice support for this ant piece of legislation. — ’ '


 Iecrdtary Melvin Laird, in a speech to about 250 leaders of various national organizations during a .\  visit, said the Navy can be expected to promote a woman to the rank of admiral soon. "There

,  more lady generals and admirals in the future," he said. "The Air Force has coma through; the flffiiflr, g ,_  come through.‘ and I can assure you that the Navy will." Under the leadership of Adm. Elmo H. Zuraer ‘  -Clhflflfleeei opera-tioeat fie New hoe recently undergone a relaxation oi "Mickey Mouse’?  ' restrictions regarding dress, grooming and regimentation, but no women have yet been elevated to star rank


_ * f A ‘-* - ‘Hie supreme court recently rejected without comment twin attempts to test the constitutionality or rain

""95 ‘? sows abortion law. Both cases stem from the conviction of Dr. Jane E. Hodgson, a st. Paul gynecologist.

 Jiodgaon. was convicted of performing an abortion on a young married woman who contracted German; ‘

‘A _ ' ‘lneaelea eertfin pregnancy. Both parents feared the child would be born with deformities as a rosult.""1'lie_‘ali .

 involved indirect efforts to secure a ‘high court ruling on the law. Dr. Hodgson'sappeai from the ”

V  veeheiction may yet reach the supreme Court in a more direct test. V  coucAna_re'osl THE hiss. neronr says

  to Stanford University's Newman jfasit F oroa on Higher Education, educational discrimination V afiainet woman is “overt, accepted and increasing." Women get better high school grades than man, but . lever enter collage. Women do better in college than man, but fewer go on to graduate school. Those who . efllieve advanced degrees are likely to face employment dlscrimination---especially in the university itself.  The-ieltuation is explored thoroughly in the study group‘: l30-page Report on Higher Education, available

_ _  ' -ifor 75 cents from: Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 2040!,  _t * WITH @911’ ROL TO BE ‘%LD' BY MA.DR AD CAMPAIGN ‘ ~" i .  A nationwide ad campaign promoting birth control and family planning willbe launched in mid-summer by A 4c   Manned Parenthood, with the cooperation of the Advertising Council. A total of $15 million in air time is ;

‘ expected to be donated by radio and television stations, which are required by the FCC to devote a certain  ..- ,.  percentage otets time to pubtie aareice."epote.". in addition to broedaaat esaterlaie. inageaina ads and ‘result ‘V ,,:_.., , placards will urge Americans to practice birth control and family planning. ' -  AGENT8 soom *

. . \...

 ,_  tarm "G-woman" may soon “be added to the underworld lexicon. Some Washington observors con 7 - W “‘  that the Federal Bureau of Investigation may hire women as agents in the near future. Duringe

A Ghent Justice Dept. meeting to implement the President's anti-discrimination program in government, Flt representatives reportedly displayed a "surprisingly understanding attitude" toward hiring female egentt. eeoording to Justice Department officials. - if -


. According to Sen. Hubert H. Humphrey, the Nixon Administration has failed to provide adequate leader-  ,V ship in the areas of child care, equal rights for women and civil rights. Speaking in Washington at the annual Founder's Dinner of the Business and Professional Wom en's League, Humphrey called for "a com prahenaiea  _ aeli which recogniajas the vast potential for the educational, social and physical development of chi iouiedy in the  years." " ‘ ‘ = 2 n nosiucv: oerureo.e'rsexlar eacxussm

“~’-tenors Romney oii‘erged,"extramists" in the worn en's liberation movement with partial blame ioriher ‘ieasaful bid for the U.8._lona_ea laesyaar. Speaking before the National Federation of Republican Vloigatlie‘  also said the  A " I , avbaciziash that hurt her and other woman candidates. "it i had run  year before, I thinit i would  it.” she said. - '

















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Barnard College President Martha E. Peterson announced plans to establish a women's-center in  to administer programs in women's studies and to establish new disciplines specifically designed '  The center, recommended by a panel of students, faculty members, administrators and alumni,  series of seminars on women and society for the 1971-72 terms and eoordinatela’ spec-ial library  materials on women's studies. The center also will collate a ‘roster of women scholars from Unlllfllyfwr-3; throughout the country, which will be made available to any school or college to help in selection and em- ‘ ploymentof women. More than 11 courses in women's studies in such diverse fields as economics‘.  French literature, and sociology will emphasize the role of women in these fields. Jane Gould, direetor.o'f'‘ . M placement and career planning at Barnard, said the women's center should become a place where pernerd .- y 7:7"? 'alumnae could return to advise students about the problems they may encounter in entering the worilng world. The annual alumnae reunion on June 4-5 was entitled "Spotlight on a Women’: World." for more .. information on the-women's program, write Barnard College, 606 W. 120th St., New Yor|t,.N.Y. 10023. '




i ‘ The latest word from Washington confirms that crippling amendments to H.J. Res. 208 and SJ. flee. I y_ 9 are already in draft form. The amendments will provide that Congress may exempt women_fron'l 

and that states may retain laws which relate to areas such as health and welfare. Supporters are aelsed  continue sending petitions, letters and telegrams to members of the House and Senate Judiciary ‘Comm ' insisting upon report of the Equal Rights Amendment to the floor, without any change, for vote. ‘ the House voted passage last year by 350-15, many members are reported to be having seconds thought!

 because of pressure by the opposition. V _ _.,‘;fl

; Sen. Birch Bayh (D.-lnd.), Chairman of the Senate Judiciary Subcommittee, had to cancel his meetirrgllwfi‘

’ vs ' N for action on the constitutional amendment to guarantee women equal rights. Five Democrats and four  publicans boycotted the meeting. it will have to be rescheduled very soon. The following are those senators

_ ., 'who failed to show up for the subcommittee meeting, although they were on Capitol Hill at thetime:  .., Ervin (D ~N.C.l; James B. Eastland (D -Miss.l: John V. Tunney (D -Calif.l; Quentin N. Burdiclt (D.~N.D.l; ‘

 .. . .Robert C. Byrd (D y-W. Va.l; Roman L. Hruslta (R -Neb.l; Strom Thurmond (8 -S.C.l; and Edward J. Gain

in -Fla.l V ‘

 “.ioeLEss RATES son women niss _ a .   The Bureau of Labor Statistics for May showed littl.q..ehange_in.the jobless rates of, most major gro.u§ie; R

‘A exceptions in construction workers and women. The unemployment rate for w_omen between 20-35;,‘ T ,__,_. from 10.3 percent to 11.5 percent, the highest level in more than a decade. '




lsir£_e's NOTE » ‘ ~ I .  ~ .; 

We have received from several sources, including the White House, the Democratic National Commlewo, and others, compilations of data which purport to provide information about the distribution of nvqflg of women in high-leve/ positions in the federal government by agency or unit and under which edrninfibv‘  ' ' tretion the individual was appointed. ‘ E 


‘L We have had an opportunity to review these with a knowledgeable statistician. We have come td"th3  I - clusion that none of the compilations provided to us as of now are correct, complete or current.

In our opinion, it just adds confusion to the situation and in no way provides ualbile irrlotmetiols. W , 2 «

We are aware, however, that be th Barbara F ranklin, staff assistant to the President, and’  ‘director of Women's Activities, Democratic National Committee, are both actively workingito provide more usable information in this area. when this information is provided to us, we will distribute it‘tle“Ifi‘






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