Women's Work and Women's Studies 1971 Questionnaire, Mary Daly, 1972
BOSTON COLLEGE Chestnut Hill , Massachusetts 02167 DEPARTMENT OF THEOLOGY May 20, 1972 The Women's Center Barnard College 606 West 120th Street New York, New York 10027 Dear Sisters: In response to your inquiry, I am enclosing course calendars for the courses in Women's Studies which I gave this year. The course calendars indicate the publications that I have produced in recent years on this subject. I am also enclosing a brief outline of the book which I am now writing entitled, Beyond God the Father. I think that the enclosures are self- explanatory. I understand that you recently sent out a questionnaire to people involved in Women's Studies. I may have received this but I am unable to find it among my unanswered mail. If you wish to send another copy, I will attempt to fill it out and return it. Best Wishes. Sincerely, Mary Daly P.S. An individual whose work should be included is Janice Raymond who did an M.A. thesis on "Nuns and Women's Liberation." This is an excellent and ground-breaking work. She has also done other articles on Women's liberation. She may be reached at 202 First Ave., East Greenwich, R.I. 02818 Also a number of students in my courses have done some extremely interesting projects. These include research papers, films, ‘ tapes, and a feminist non-liturgy. If you wish, I can send you Xeroxed copies of the more outstanding papers. Also note the enclosed program of the AAR meeting on Women and Religion. My apologies for being remiss in not responding to your first sending of the questionnaire.
The Barnard Women’s Center recently sent out a questionnaire to people involved in women's studies requesting their opinions on a proposed interdisciplinary bibliography of the year‘s work in women's studies. As the responses soundly supported our project, we would now like to proceed with collecting information both from organizations and from individuals. Our purpose is to incorporate the year's academic studies on women, either completed or in progress, along with information on innovative action projects such as women's health collectives, community day care, legal aid, women's publications, feminist theater, film projects, and so forth. In this way we hope to spark a livelier interchange between theory and practice. What we need from you in the space provided below is a description of the research or project in which you are involved. Or if you know of an individual or group whose work should be included, please either let us know about it or else pass this request for information on to them. Finally from those associated with women's publications, we would welcome any publicity for our project that your publication can provide. Thank you in advance for your participation. Name Mary Daly Address 2018 Commonwealth Ave. Brighton, Mass. 02135 Organization or Institution Associate Professor of Theology, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, Mass. 02167 In the space below please try to summarize the purpose, goals, methods, and any other vital information about your research or project. Attach additional sheets if necessary and return to: The Women's Center Barnard College 606 West 120th Street New York, N.Y.10027 see enclosures
Curriculum Vitae Mary Daly Education: B.A.: College of St. Rose, Albany, N.Y. M.A.: Catholic University of America Ph.D. in Religion: School of Theology, St. Mary's College, Notre Dame S.T.D.: University of Fribourg, Switzerland Ph.D. in philosophy: University of Fribourg, Switzerland Teaching: Prior to doing doctoral work in Europe, I taught theology and philosophy at Cardinal Cushing College, Brookline, Massachusetts. During the seven years spent in Switzerland doing doctoral study (Oct. 1959 - July, 1966), I taught theology and philosophy courses in the junior year abroad programs in Fribourg. The three programs were those of Rosary College (Chicago), Georgetown University (Wash- ington) and LaSalle College (Philadelphia). Since September, 1966, I have been teaching theology at Boston College, where I am an associate professor of theology. I am currently teaching in the joint doctoral program in theology of Boston College and Andover Newton Theological School. Along with other theological courses, I am teaching women's studies courses, which are open to graduate and undergraduate students in the theological schools of the Boston Theological Institute. Publications: Aside from my doctoral dissertations, I have published a book, The Church and the Second Sex (Harper and Row, 1968). I have contri- buted articles to numerous books, including the Dictionary of the History of Ideas. Recent books containing essays by me are Sister- hood is Powerful, edited by Robin Morgan (Random House, 1970) and Voices of the New Feminism, edited by Mary Lou Thompson (Beacon Press, 1970). I have published articles in periodicals such as Commonweal, IDO-C, and Christian Century. Recent articles include "After the Death of God the Father“ (Commonweal, March 12, 1971) and "The Courage to See" (Christian Century, Sept. 22, 1971). "Abortion and Sexual Caste," Commonweal, Feb. 4, 1972; "The Spiritual Revolution: Women's Liberation as Theological Re-education," Andover Newton Quarterly, March, 1972. I have given lectures, talks, and seminars, especially for college university groups, across the country,
Boston College Department of Theology Fall 1971 Theology 194-- Dr. Mary Daly THE WOMEN'S REVOLUTION AND THEOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT This course is given to undergraduate students of Boston College and to sem- inarians and graduate students of the seven theological schools of the Boston Theological Institute. The course will be an investigation of how the women's liberation movement can effect basic changes in religious consciousness and in theological formulations. Since it will be dealing with new and exploratory concepts, it will have two aspects. First, there will be some general background on patriarchy, the oppres- sion of women, and the meaning of women's liberation. Second, there will be an exploration of the insights emerging from the movement in an effort to see these in relation to basic theological problems, anticipating the effect these insights can and should have upon spiritual consciousness. Since there is very little material yet available on women's liberation in relation to theology, basic the- oretical readings will in some cases be general readings to be criticized, applied, or revolutionized within the perspective of liberation. Since the course will be breaking new ground, its success will depend upon the degree of consciousness and creativity that the combined resources of professor and students bring to it. The following outline is subject to minor revision, but gives a general idea of the structure-of the course. I. The nature and conditions of patriarchy. Readings from Simone de Beauvoir, The Second Sex; Kate Millett, Sexual Politics II. Sex role socialization. Readings from Eleanor Maccoby, The development of sex differences. Also, Naomi Weisstein, "Kinder, Kuche, Kirche as Scientific Law: Psychology Constructs the Female." III. Christianity as patriarchal religion. Readings: Mary Daly, The Church and the Second Sex. IV. Theoretical basis for change. Readings: Peter Berger, The Sacred Canopy. V. Theological Revolution: the problem of God. Readings: Paul Tillich, The Courage to Be; Mary Daly, "After the Death of God the Father," Commonweal, March 12, 1971; Mary Daly, "The Courage to See," The Christian Century, Sept. 1971 VI. Theological revolution: The myth of the Fall. Readings from Paul Tillich, Systematic Theology, Vol. II; Thomas Szasz, The Manufacture of Madness. Articles from Notes on the Second Year: Carol Hanisch, "The Personal is Political;" hathie Sarachild, "A Pro- gram for Feminist Consciousness-Raising;“ Irene Peslikis, ”Resistances to Consciousness;" Jennifer Gardiner, "False Consciousness;" Pamela Kearon, "Man-hating." VII. Theological Revolution: Christian symbols. Readings from Paul Tillich, Dynamics of Faith. Leonard Swidler, "Jesus was a Feminist," Catholic World, Jan. 1971.
VIII. Theological revolution: The transvaluation of values. Readings: Theodore Roszak, "The Hard and the Soft...", and Alice Rossi, "Sex Equality: the Beginning of Ideology," In Masculine/Femi- nine; Linda Thurston, "On Male and Female Principle," The Second Wave, Summer, 1971; Rosemary Ruether, "Male Chauvinist Theology and the Anger of Women," Cross Currents, Spring, 1971. Readings from Paul Tillich, Systematic Theology, Vol. I: "Reason and the Quest for Revelation", from Transcendence, edited by Herbert Richardson, and from Erich Neumann, Depth Psychology and a New Ethic. WOMEN'S LIBERATION AND THE CHURCH* This course also is open both to undergraduate students and to graduate students from the seven theological schools of the Boston Theological Insti tute. Required Background reading: Kate Millett, Sexual Politics; Mary Daly, The Church and The Second Sex; Sarah Bentley Dooley, Editor, ”Women's Libera- tion and the Church; Margaret Sittler Ermarth, Adam's Fractured Rib; Mary Daly, "The Spiritual Revolution," Andover Newton Quarterly, March '72; Freire Pedagogy of the Oppressed. Readings from J. Moltmann, Theology of Hope. The course will analyze the women's movement as essentially a spiritual revolution that can transform the church's being in the world. Like the fall course on theological development, it will be a ground breaking enterprise. The precise manner in which it will be worked out will depend in part upon the [experience] and creative input from the first semester course. It will deal with a number of revolutionary concepts. I. Sisterhood as a revolutionary phenomenon. II. The church and sexual caste. III. Spiritual expatriates: sisterhood as anti-church. IV. The power of presence: sisterhood as church. A. As a space set apart. B. As charismatic community. C. As exodus community. D. As community of promise. E. As second order institution. V. Toward the future: the sisterhood of man. * Spring 1972 Theology 195
Boston College Department of Theology Spring, 1972 Theology 195-- Dr. Mary Daly Women's Liberation and the Church Reading list I. Books A. Presupposed background reading Millett, Kate. Sexual Politics. Doubleday Daly, Mary. The Church and the Second Sex. Harper and Row. B. Required Doeley, Sarah Bentley, ed. Women's liberation and the Church. Association Press. Ermarth, Margaret Sittler. Adam's Fractured Rib. Fortress. Freire, Paulo. Pedagogy of the Oppressed. Herder and Herder. Tillich, Paul. Love, Power, and Justice. Galaxy. Roszak, Theodore. The Making of a Counter Culture. Doubleday. C. Suggested but not required theological materials Tillich; Paul. Readings from Systematic Theology, vol III. Moltmann, Jurgen. Readings from Theology of Hope. Marty, M. and Peerman, D., editors. Readings from New Theology Number Five. II. Articles Daly, Mary."Abortion and Sexual Caste" (Commonweal, Feb. 4, 1972) _____. "After the Death of God the Father" (Commonweal, March 12, 1971) _____. "The Courage to See" (Christian Century, Sept. 22, 1971) Ruether, Rosemary Radford. "Male Chauvinist Theology and the Anger of Women" (Cross Currents, Spring, 1971) Articles by Mary Daly (“The Spiritual Revolution"), Janice Raymond, Elizabeth Farians, Nelle Morton in Andover Newton Quarterly, March, 1972. III. Useful anthologies Morgan, Robin. Sisterhood is Powerful. Random House. Roszak, Betty and Theodore. Masculine/Feminine. Harper. Course requirements Two oral exams and one research paper/project Office hours Tuesdays 3-4 and Wednesdays 3:30-4:30, Carney 409 Structure of the Course Method: Insight into problem -- praxis -- critical reflection Content: See other sheet.
Beyond God the Father Women's Liberation and the Transformation of Religion Mary Daly Contents Introduction: Problem and Method Chapter One: After the Death of God the Father Chapter Two: The Myth of the Fall: The Lie that Prevailed Chapter Three: Beyond Christology to a World without Models Chapter Four: Transvaluation of Values Chapter Five: The Bonds of Freedom: Sisterhood as Anti-Church Chapter Six: The Exodus Community: Sisterhood as Beyond-Church Chapter Seven: The Sisterhood of Man Conclusion As the women's movement begins to have its effect upon the fabric of society, transforming it from patriarchy into something that never existed before-- into a diarchal situation that is radically new-- it can become the greatest single challenge to Christianity to rid itself of its oppressive tendencies or go out of business. Beliefs and values that have held sway for thousands of years will be questioned as never before. This revolution also may well be the greatest single hope for survival of spiritual conscious- ness on this planet. The Judaic-Christian tradition has served to legitimate sexually imbalanced patriarchal society. Thus, for example, the image of the Father God, spawned in the human imagination and sustained as plausible by patriarchy, has in turn rendered service to this type of society by making its mechanisms for the oppression of women appear right and fitting. The imbalance in Christian ideology resulting from sexual hierarchy is manifested not only in the doc- trine of God but also in the notion of Jesus as the unique God-man. It will, I think, become increasingly evident that exclusively mas- culine symbols for the ideal of "incarnation" will not do. The becoming of women implies also a transvaluation of values in Christ- ian morality. As the old order is challenged and as men and women become free to experience a wholeness of personality which the old sex role socialization impeded, the potentiality will be awakened for a change in moral consciousness which will go far beyond critiques of Christian values which still accept the premises of patriarchal ideology. This book attempts to outline future directions of religious consciousness-- its symbols, theology, ethics-- the seeds of which can be found in the emerging consciousness of the new sisterhood of women.
PROGRAM FOR WORKING GROUP ON WOMEN AND RELIGION American Academy of Religion Annual Meeting September 1-5, 1972, Los Angeles, California I. Margaret Earley, Alverno College, Presiding Theme: THE WOMEN'S REVOLUTION AND THEOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT Theology after the Demise of God the Father Mary Daly, Boston College The Use of Feminine Imagery in a Theological Model of the Trinity Patricia Wilson, University of Iowa Women in Theology or a Theology for Women? Elizabeth Schussler Fiorenza, University of Notre Dame II. Mary Daly, Boston College, Presiding Theme: TRANSVALUATION OF VALUES Beyond Male Morality Janice Raymond, Andover Newton-Boston College Reflections on the Ethical Implication of Women's Liberation Penelope Washbourne, The College of Wooster Abortion Reconstrued Jean MacRae, Harvard University Changing Values in Assessment of Leadership Roles of Women in Nineteenth Century American Religion Gayle Kimball, University of California at Santa Barbara III Christine Downing, Rutgers University, Presiding Theme: MYTH AND SEXUAL STEREOTYPES St. Augustine's Penis: Sources of Misogynism in Christian Theology and Prospects For Liberation Today Rosemary Radford Ruether, Howard University Woman: Seductive Siren and Source of Sin? Pseudepigraphal Myth and Christian Origins Bernard P. Prusak, Villanova University Phallic Worship: The Ultimate Idolatry Elizabeth Farians, Boston Theological Institute The Daughters of Mara: The Image of Woman in Ancient Buddhism Nancy Falk, Western Michigan University IV Rosemary Radford Ruether, Howard University, Presiding Theme: NEW VIEWS OF HISTORY Is Anti-Feminism a Sign of the Decadence of Religion? Leonard Swidler, Temple University The Women's Revolution and “Paul” Winsome Munro, Union Theological Seminary St. Paul and the Women's Liberation Movement M. Kathleen Lane, Marylhurst College Women, Women, and the Bible: Resources For Study and Teaching Martha M. Wilson, Duke University Methodological Remarks on the Study of Women in Religion: Review, Criticism, and Redefinition Rita Gross Leposky, New College