Memo from Catharine Stimpson to Alexander Stein, regarding remarks for the Joint Barnard-Columbia Trustee Committee, April 22, 1971

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$0}. Alexander Stein


’rrnn; Catharine Stxmpsen. English Department, Bnrnmré College

n§£e§ April 22, 1971

eguhfiectx Reuarka for the Jeint Barndrd~Celqmb;a Trustee Cemmittea

Lififielieve that men end wane: belong in the same claasreem. Hear1y_

v9§§wetVweeen undergradnatea'are today in oeeeddcatienal inatitutiene.

eloarnang that the drali might reduce the number of men applying ta aarvarae

fififi segregated edhcatien has tenfled to reinforce unhaypy aexual . Stereotypes: fer keys that the mind is a male fertreas, fer girls that

Vthe mind is alien to the real business of their livoa.

Yet I question a aergei between Barnard uni Columbiaecbllege. IL

V eent te raise an issue that particularly cencenna me and that seems to

have been inadequately explored during the talks abent Barnard and

Vecelunbia. celumbia University, like ether largely male universitiea. A _e like meant ee~educatieun1 universities, hue shown itself ta he V ~ ~

.1n§ena1t1vafte tfiekcegplexities e£“oducating wemen.=te the ski11eLe!= tyfifeducatei woman. and to the fuuctieh of a woman's college. egse ~

VA;¢up3ee1 yen-known. en May 11, 1970. tfie women's Equity Actien Leaguee die file charges of sex disoriminutioh against Columbia under Executive

érder 11246 (as amended). eThe‘puh}1o evidence suyporting such charges

~ seems streng.

It seems roaaenahle to ask ifgce-educmeimn will mean.-for wemenje

eegeeeuta, net oeéeducatioh but ce—ept1en er subtle coercion.

‘often in the past men'e colleges have sought wemen atudanta in ”‘ Veneer to survive financially; in erder ta compete with the grewing“ e ‘ «

;§e§u1arity at ce-educatienal colleges: in order te glamariae the "qnalit

of life" for male students; in under he previme candidates fer sarv£aei*?%* value fer society. elemeatury saheel teachers, fer example; new can-g

enenan take thie'aerieua1y7 '3he ban any to herself that it is her due .

h,;e§eu§Ve aha is i' interior to men._ SM: can may to her-£~ze1£. gang 1; is all merely A cenventien;. or she can say to herself. "whifl $§neres my interests and m diguiti.“ ’ V ' h ”

Pfifihle at inrnard and at Celufihia cenoarned aheut wemen ahwuld

Wfirk tn findyan alternative to this pattern. The first thing we must

fie, it seems to me. is ta reco nine how badly we have eéuaated.wamen T ”“e" in the past. we have teugfit tgen Ehat being u wanna and being as iutelleetual are. fef the most pert. tnoemyatiblo. It was Katha; Pusey

who remarked. when he was president at uvvnrd in recent years. upen -

Gra¢nate;Sehee1( "We shall be left with the blind, the lame, and the wehen."V





(3) Ib1a.. p. 178-79.

' ]\$$1apéaa


Recent taeearch afrirua what many have suspected: wanaa'a _upnd1t&onod iaar of acadomic acellqacc. Matina 5. Earnor reported f9 ii 1968 that at the Univpraity at Michigan 65% of the women she} studied aasoc1atea‘anadomic success with cansequences thay did nat dca1ro.Luoo1a1.roJe¢t1on, fur example. only 10% of the men did. §grnerVconuluiod that her findings; V ‘ L ‘ V, «‘.L

«fig, V ‘J ’ ...ofiggoét that meat women will tally oxp1¢na'

g5. 'M‘ H their intellectual potential only when they do, », “T V“ "‘ VL ’ not uaed ta compote —- and least af all when thay ‘ are competing with uen.V(1) k“y*



 Hor do hale undor@raduatos aéfin ffeo of angfiefiy afiaut tho intallaoiual Lvitality if wamea. An axpleratinn of the attitudes sf Yale students M gxter R yaar if ca-education is ravaa1;nx. one hey remarkad,abwutVg_r;_f j

L;§§llow atgdgnt:

I , v;~ < V

/‘ / g,.

%VVTh1a’¢1r1'a claueioom fiiacfisaian waé finfem£fiind.fl ;: VVSha was authorttative and uncwmprcmising. an& k£‘J1  theae are rea1l1,masculine traits. (2) -V«

ahnnthcr bay aaiit. w _ .V 'jL

' ‘ aécdlinity is that which furma the formal. native. or génorative principle of the cnamua...atrength. ‘ ; responsibility, initiative, aggranaivuneasg ealngq:wM , Vthaughtfulness. reliability, ceneisteney, indepefidanae. and damination. Fomininity is the eppafiit¢o (3)

W _éIt weuld We plaafling tn he hble ta dismiwa such cwmmenta as. "‘ g

]hntyp1ca1 pt young men in our mqat proatigiaua univaraities. aflaweveg, _

Lgtfio mature hiring practices of colleges and universities hath reflaat M

Vand help to shape them. Alice 8. Ruasi. in a study sf 188 major

. mpnciplogy departmenta, faund that wumen wero 30% at the dactarql candid§£oa.VAW



. 8t;mpswh fihge 3.

27% of the fullvtimo instructors. 1#% of the uasistant profoaaora, 9% Q1 the associate pretaaaora, 4% of the full pofessers, anfi lesa than

 .: thé flayartmqntal. Qhérhoa. .

3V % VL Harvard is another case in paint. Fur all intents and pnrpusas a yrivatg. co-aducasiennl university. it keeps a maxi» sf abautLf1va men :9 every one woman anon; ita graduate and undargradunte studantau“ IR 1959-1970. on the Faculty of Arts and Sciences. 20.5% of the teaching T ~ follows were wsnon. 16.7% of the instructaa. 4.6% of the assistant nrofeaaora. 0.0% of the aaboc1ato~protaeacrs, and 0.0%‘af the fu11V V vlafoasora. At Golunbia Hnivoraity. apart tram Barnard. 1053 than’ 53% at the tenure! graduate faculty profasaora are wemen.

Inaoparabla frnn tha.myth that wqmoa cannut be comyetant inte1lectu&1s, even after oducatian. is the myth that women cannot work. excuyt at heme. one result in the scarcity of wanna in profesuiona; schaolg. In 1966-6?. for axamplo; only 8.3% or Amatba'a medical students were women. finather result ia«aonon1c iieoriainatlon against women. In 1968 the median waga for professional and technical wouah was $6,691; fat man 810.151. flaky 8% of the non who wanted fulletinn in 1968 oannnd less than $3.060; 20% of the wanna d1d._ 28%-of the men who warkcd fullutima in 1968 eavnefi

‘’ A V ‘ uver 310.000; on13:5% otatho wonan.d1d. Still another result is tum

, routine k1n& sf Jobs women-gut. 34% of an working women £9 clerical

!  L ’ tasks. In 1966. 19% of inn onpluyeg women with faur years at collega

5 _ rate no more than aervice warkcrs, operatives; sales at clerical warkarm. ‘I3 br1n£,,we sand women English majors nut into the werld ta type mwnfm vnaos. ; ' ~ ‘

Dosyito all this, women do fiork. and work more sften. Betwaan 194? V and 1968 the number of wmmon in the civilian labar forca increased ?5%. the number of man 16%.


Evidence suggests that we are wasting the taleda of wwmen as well

roduplicato the failures and the blindness 0f the paat? Or will ifié é xlnuinely guarantee that it will avaid its own patterna sf fiiaa%im1natiwn?

‘ W111 it, a center of cenaciausnoaa, change our cmnaaiouunesa of wwman? %

Lw111 it provide god bounsolling far wmmen to help them clarify tbs

confusing signals aaciety has given them abaut their educatien? will it

yrovidc role ugdala for weuaastudonts and adaquata oppartunities for

wanen scholars? will it bring pressure ta bear upon profaasienal schools’. Van! anloyera ta alter their attitudes and practices?

I 5°°Vf¢W Public signs that Cblumbia Collage wishes tn infititutionalito



Las bolitting than. will Columbia. planning ca-educatian, simply iv ‘




.:Pazo 4

'ioth oovoduéntion and a profound concern far the education of waaanoox

?h1a uakoa no pessimistic. Yet we might think or a university which '

V Ehaa several undergraduato units; at least one of which will ac£*witho

Legoaial aoriousnous on tho oiucation of women until the tint when_aush V Vapncialoaariauanoaa is no longer necoasnry. It would to an aét of‘ >1 . ~ good tnith to nako.tho doan who might superviao all such undergraduate? V-nnita a woman.‘ ‘ » o ‘A M,m. ._ '


L”,o§o§1a«andVaovornnuco, ayonaerhd by the American Acaaomy of Arts ana g o 86103093. issued 1n‘Janary of thig year: o V'»Vo ~~

V5{L ,od owoham's—§o11egoa.*doapifioothoir financial add other “H


‘  V‘ ‘

.~;o $§\nightjhl§o road tho First Report of the Aasonbly on fiuivéréig} I

’ problems. oagmnoe lightly to abandon their identity: _ This is particularly no when many co-educatiena1o' VA_V iuatitutions contindo to be ma1e4oriohted. Few hav¢'“~ “ protect or further the position of woman. ‘ I'M rroawt ’=°ni°nc:r.. which is to eliminate wmems « ‘  2 " ‘  collagen. may be unfortunate. Schemes for co-educat1qnoV ‘ M

V at wooowa aha moms colleges are rayidly gaining 1'avor;’f" V

Vinny at chad proposals ay be 11l—aoneeivsfl. Theo _ boncern on the hart of some institutions to be in faabien r1aka.tha loan of a pfirpoao that may not be easily ’ ‘ geoovarod.'(1) V ‘ ' *

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