Project Lifeline, Introducing Women to the Future: Guidance and Career Counseling in College for Women,1971

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;  OJ ‘1Y:.‘«‘;;  .;’.-l 3." LL? lglilé 3.‘  EZJITRODUCING WOMEN T O THEIR FUTURE .

Guidance and Career Counseling in College For Women:

Submitted by:Florence Fulk hickler l32l Trafalgar Street Teaneck, New Jersey 07666 20l~8369454

7.9 women enrolled at ? College are engaged in 1 unique experience to maximize their potential in a four year college program. However, our present awareness and greater sensitivity to the complex social pressures which tend to undermine the college experience for women and support a second class self-image has provoked the ? to mobilize its energies for action and change.

College

Between the years of the Report of the President's Commission on the Status of Women in 1963 and the 1970 Report of the President's Task Force on Women's Rights andi ‘Responsibilities, there has been-a resurgence of interest regarding all aspects of the status of women. Recent discussion and research into the educational and work experience of women has brought into sharp focus the .dc1imiting acsumptions and resulting practices in higher education that perpetuate sexual inequalities. The con- tinuation of this double standard in higher education is wasteful of our educational reaources, in addia on to being undetwcx tic to those adversely ;ffected by such practices. some recent findings may help to define the most effectite way to solve the problems at hand.

A study entitled "Where Do Women Stand?" was under- taken by the American.Association of University Women and published in December, 1970. It was an outgrowth of "a recognition that the potential of women is not being appreciated, encouraged, or fully developed at any level of higher education."o The work further illustrates,

"the sex inequities on American campuses", and suggests

two major areas for immediate action. Firstly, there is

need for more opportunities for women students in leader-

shp positions on campus. Even more pertinent to th proposal herein is the call to institutions of higher educat- n to develop "better counseling and mow, grograms specifically designed to meet the unique educational needs of women students, inrlading the mature student."

Institutions of higher learning have long prided themselves on offering the student a last refuge for dis- covering his identity and his place in the scheme of Wife. For women, the college experience may offer the first and final respite from a socialization process which ill prepares them for full self-development. Furthermore, without organized special assistance and active support xrom the teaching and administrative staff, commencing

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Erominrlorence Falk Dickler , , Topic: Guidance and Carreer Counseling in College for Women

Pfl$@32 PROJECfi"LIFELINEr INTRODUCING WOMEN TO THEIR FUTURE

early in orientation week of freshman year and continuing" through graduation at the end of the senior year, a

young woman may never recognize, fully, or train approp~ riately to accept the challenge of choosing among options a that are open to her today. As Go1dberg“s research demon- strates, "little is known about the effect of pressures

at the college level which limit the full intellectual development of women students or reinforce the results of previous negative socialization» Equally important is the quality of counseling provided at the college level which prepares women for their vocational, social, and personal roles in society.W’ ‘

At ?_ College, (Prob. over 40% at many state supported institutions) of the resources of the institution is invested in the education of women. For the College and the indivh idual woman the risk of a less valuable experience for women than is available to men, is too great an invest~ ment loss. ?? College will prosper as a more viable force in the educational community if offered the opportun— ity to undertake a major extension of services to focus on the importance of young women being educated and encouraged to utilize their ability to the highest degree. Nothing less will succeed in directing women students ittention to the worklife which lies immediately ahead of them.

As described by a 1970 fact sheet prepared by the Women"s Bureau of the U.Sw Department of Labor, "the career "sights"‘ _ of all too many of our girls are still limited and unrealisticx" The average American woman“s lifeline indicates she marries

at 21, has her last child at 30, enters her last child in. school at 35 years and has 30 employable years ahead of

her. The average woman worker is age 39, and is one of

30 million women (2 out of 5 workers), in the labor force. Three out of 5 working women are married and living with

their husbands, more than half the women with children are employed and, by 1980, the predictionuis that 36»milliofi_

women will be in the labor force and will work at least

25 years of their lives. In light of this revolution in

the pattern of the work life of the American Woman, it is

more important than ever that ?? College meet its obligation to help the young woman student develop an

awareness of the importance of long range educational planning.

?? College, in resolving to meet the challenge of increasing societam options for its women students, must reexamine and redefine attitudes, assumptions, and practices that are prevalent in every aspect of college life. The need for university involvement is all the greater, and for immediate action more imperative as we acknowledge that society, in general, has not regarded it as impdrtant for young women to be educated to the full measure of their intellectual capacity as men are. Such attitudes on the part of parents, teachers, young men and

women themselves, need tn be changed if society is to benefit from; the contributions of all educated persons, both men and women. To:

From!“ ?1orence Falk Dickler, , Topic: Guidance and Career Counseling in College for Woman Page 3‘ PROJECT LIFELINE: INTRODUCING WOMEN TO THEIR FUTURE

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at once, a promise and an obligation of great social

significance, with ?? Collegc seeks to accomplish with all dclib¢rate speed;

spearhead a movement for change regarding women's nlace is,