"Columbia Women's Liberation, Report from the Committee on Discrimination Against Women Faculty" Barnard Alumnae Magazine, Spring 1970, page 7
substantiate such claims. Other studies have shown that the more training a woman receives and the better her job, the more likely she is to remain in full—time employment, even if she has children.“ Academic women are also more likely to remain single than other women, and to have small families when they do marry.” A trained woman is also ﬁnancially in a position to hire domestic and child-care help for those tasks she wishes to delegate. Granted these observations, we suspect any explanation of the position of women in academic life that relies too heavily on the conditions of their supply rather than on the conditions of the market’s demand for them. Recommendations Given the ﬁndings of this report, we call upon the university, perhaps through the Senate, to undertake four tasks: 1. to prepare a full study of the status of women faculty in the university, using sources that were not available to us, e.g. salaries. Half at least of the persons concerned with that study should be women. 2. to declare its unequivocal support of the right of women to equal employment opportunities and equal pay compared with those of men of comparable qualifications and ability. Such a declaration will mean the hiring of more women at all ranks in all divisions and a review of their salaries. 3. to engage in intelligent discussions of child care and paid leave for child birth, available to all employees of the university, whether faculty, administration or staff. 4-. to invite submission of reports of alleged discrimination to a Committee on Employment Practices, and further to have such a Committee initiate investigations into the ‘hiring patterns that may be discerned in various departments and divisions of the university. This report was prepared by Rachel DuPlessis [Rachel Blau ’63] Preceptor, English;.Linda Edwards, graduate student, Economics; Ann Sutherland Harris, , Assistant Professor, Art History 8: Archeology; Kate Millett, Instructor, Philosophy (Barnard); and Harriet Zellner, graduate student, Economics. Joan Mitchell collected the catalogues. Cl “ See note 3. See also Evelyne Sullerot, Histoire et Sociologie du Travail Feminin, Editions Gonthicr, Paris, 1968, pp. 300-302. Columbia University does not own this book, the best comprehensive study of women and work published to date. Sullerot (p. 318) also cites French studies that show absenteeism among women lessens in inverse proportion to the degree of education they have received, and that level of education is a more important factor than either marriage or the arrival of children. '9 Women and the Scientific Professions, p. 75 and Womrlnjzower, National Manpower Council, New York, 1957, p. 75. }essie Bernard also notices this factor. 18 Appendix _ . Faculty by Ram/e and Sex, 1969-70 Columbia College, Bamzzrcl College Grmlzmte Faculties, General Studies Ratio of Per Cent Women to Men Women Columbia College Full Professors 2 1/125 Under 1% Associate Prof. 0/50 0 Assistant Prof. 7/88 7.3 Instructor 14/61' 18 , Preceptor 15/38 28; Barnard College Full Professor 9/31 22 Associate Prof. 16/29 54- Assistant Prof. 24/33 74- Instructor 11/20 55 General Studies Full Professor 3/45 6 Associate Prof. 3/37 7.5 Assistant Prof. 17/71 19 Instructor 12/25 32 Graduate Faculties Full Professor 6/324 1 Associate Prof. 2/73 2.6 Assistant Prof. 6/42 12.5 Instructor 2/4 66 Assistant, Associate and Full Professors With Ph.D.s Granted Between 1960 and 1970 by Sex (Barnard Excluded as Dates of Ph.D.s Not Given by Catalogues). Male Female Asst. Prof. 91 (47%) 24- (96%) Assoc. Prof 74 (38%) 1 (4%) Full Prof. 30 (15%) 0 (0%) 195 (100%) 25 (100%) If women faculty with Ph.D.s granted in the 19505 were distributed in the three ranks as men faculty are now, there would be 3 female full professors, 9 female associate prof- essors and 13 female assistant professors. The average date of the Ph.D. awarded to the women in the assistant professor category is 1965; of the men 1966. Well over 50 per cent of the men with 1964- and 1963 Ph.D.s are associate professors; none of the women in that category have been promoted.