"Columbia Women's Liberation, Report from the Committee on Discrimination Against Women Faculty" Barnard Alumnae Magazine, Spring 1970, page 5
meet are single, and thus in theory able to devote more of their time to their profession than their married male colleagues. They will not be unaware either that the small number of women with tenure in the Graduate Faculties are all exceptionally distinguished scholars, whose presence helps perpetuate the unfortunate idea that to succeed in any professional career, a woman has to be not just as good, but several times as good as a man. Tokenism is always based on abnormal criteria of excellence in order to limit the number of qualified people of certain races and sexes with access to a profession. Its cost is the high expectation of failure for the discriminated group. By the obvious scarcity of women training women graduates, the institution acclimatizes women students to their professional expectations: low rank, low pay, low status, a slower rate of promotion than their male colleagues and a more difficult tenure hurdle. We note that the percentage of women at assistant professor level has risen from 4 per cent in 1962-63 to 15 per cent in 1968-69. It will be interesting to see whether the rise at this level is reflected over the next five years in an increase in the number of women in the Graduate Faculties with tenure. The absolute number of women instructors has risen slightly but the percentage of women at that rank has declined from 22 per cent in 1963-5 to 13 per cent in 1968-69. Non-Tenured Ranks, Graduate Faculties Ass1s'rAN_'r PROFESSORS 1962-63 1963-64 1964-65 1966-67 1967-68 1968-69 Female 3 6 4 6 10 14 Male 72 71 64- 84- 74- 78 % Female 4% 7.7% 5.9% 6.6% 11.9% 15.2% INSTRUCTORS 1962-63 1963-64 1964-65 ‘ 1966-67 1967-68 1968-69 ‘Female 4 13 1 9 9 ' 7 ’ 11’ ' Male - 28 '45 31 35 52 73 % Female 16.5% 22.4% 22.5% 20.4% 11.9% 13.2% The percentage of doctorates going to women in subjects long stereotyped as masculine are in some cases surprisingly high. In the years 1966-68, which will be quoted throughout this section, 10 per cent of the Chemistry doctorates went to women; 8.6 per cent of the Physics doctorates went to women; but no women earned doctorates in the ﬁelds of Geology, Mathematics or Mathematical ‘Statistics. Columbia has had in the recent past women as Professors of Physics, Chemistry and Microbiology, and has women as Professors of Biochemistry and Physics at the moment. The following section compares percentages of doctorates awarded to women in specific Departments with the percentages of female faculty in that Department. Cross-listed faculty are excluded because their appointment and teaching duties are not primarily in the Graduate Faculties. French: 66.6% of their doctorates went to women; no full-time female faculty. Art History & Archeology: 54% of their doctorates went to women; 26% of the tenured faculty is female; 71% of the non-tenured faculty. Biological Sciences: 45% of their doctorates went to women;-9.5% of the tenured faculty is female; 33% of the non-tenured (La. 2 men, 1 woman).