"Columbia Women's Liberation, Report from the Committee on Discrimination Against Women Faculty" Barnard Alumnae Magazine, Spring 1970, page 5

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meet are single, and thus in theory able to devote more of their time to their
profession than their married male colleagues. They will not be unaware
either that the small number of women with tenure in the Graduate Faculties
are all exceptionally distinguished scholars, whose presence helps perpetuate
the unfortunate idea that to succeed in any professional career, a woman
has to be not just as good, but several times as good as a man. Tokenism
is always based on abnormal criteria of excellence in order to limit the number
of qualified people of certain races and sexes with access to a profession.
Its cost is the high expectation of failure for the discriminated group. By the
obvious scarcity of women training women graduates, the institution
acclimatizes women students to their professional expectations: low rank,

low pay, low status, a slower rate of promotion than their male colleagues and
a more difficult tenure hurdle. We note that the percentage of women at
assistant professor level has risen from 4 per cent in 1962-63 to 15 per cent

in 1968-69. It will be interesting to see whether the rise at this level is
reflected over the next five years in an increase in the number of women in the
Graduate Faculties with tenure. The absolute number of women instructors
has risen slightly but the percentage of women at that rank has declined

from 22 per cent in 1963-5 to 13 per cent in 1968-69.

Non-Tenured Ranks, Graduate Faculties
Ass1s'rAN_'r PROFESSORS

1962-63 1963-64 1964-65 1966-67 1967-68 1968-69
Female 3 6 4 6 10 14
Male 72 71 64- 84- 74- 78
% Female 4% 7.7% 5.9% 6.6% 11.9% 15.2%
INSTRUCTORS
1962-63 1963-64 1964-65 ‘ 1966-67 1967-68 1968-69
‘Female 4 13 1 9 9 ' 7 ’ 11’ '
Male - 28 '45 31 35 52 73
% Female 16.5% 22.4% 22.5% 20.4% 11.9% 13.2%

The percentage of doctorates going to women in subjects long stereotyped
as masculine are in some cases surprisingly high. In the years 1966-68, which
will be quoted throughout this section, 10 per cent of the Chemistry doctorates
went to women; 8.6 per cent of the Physics doctorates went to women; but
no women earned doctorates in the fields of Geology, Mathematics or
Mathematical ‘Statistics. Columbia has had in the recent past women as
Professors of Physics, Chemistry and Microbiology, and has women as Professors
of Biochemistry and Physics at the moment.

The following section compares percentages of doctorates awarded to women
in specific Departments with the percentages of female faculty in that
Department. Cross-listed faculty are excluded because their appointment and
teaching duties are not primarily in the Graduate Faculties.

French:

66.6% of their doctorates went to women; no full-time female faculty.

Art History & Archeology:

54% of their doctorates went to women; 26% of the tenured faculty is female;

71% of the non-tenured faculty.
Biological Sciences:

45% of their doctorates went to women;-9.5% of the tenured faculty is female;

33% of the non-tenured (La. 2 men, 1 woman).