"Columbia Women's Liberation, Report from the Committee on Discrimination Against Women Faculty" Barnard Alumnae Magazine, Spring 1970, page 3
Summary Barnard College and What It Imlirates For full professors in the eight divisions that employ them, the actual percentage is 5.2 per cent (2.8 per cent if Barnard is excluded). This compares rather badly with the 15 per cent of doctorates that were earned by women in this age group. The Barnard figure hardly compensates for the lack of female representation in the other, better-paid divisions. Even at Barnard, 78 per cent of the full professors are men. In the 19505, women received 10 per cent of the doctorates awarded. Since in over half the divisions shown on the chart, women are not represented at all at the Associate Professor level, there is no need to belabor this disturbing lack. In the lower ranks, women constitute a much higher proportion of the total teaching staff than they do at the upper levels. Women received 11 per cent of the Ph.D.s awarded between 1960-58. At some divisions of Columbia, their numbers exceed this proportion at both Assistant Professor and Instructor levels. However, this distribution begins ‘to reveal another aspect of the university’s hiring practices. Overall, women are concentrated in the lower ranks, and have been for several years. They are also to some degree segregated by sex by being confined to Barnard College, General Studies and the Graduate Faculties. Women constitute a majority of only one category-— part-time employment (Preceptors, Assistants and Associates). This data reflects two major tendencies. The greater the proportion of women students, the greater the number of women faculty at all ranks. Second, the higher the rank and the better the pay, the fewer the number of women at that rank. While to some minds this arrangement may have an appealing symmetry, we believe that it reflects and reinforces a marked inequality of opportunity and compensation. The role of Barnard College as an equalizer in the otherwise male~dominated Columbia community is worth examining for other clues about the status of women. Although 78 per cent of Barnard’s full professors are men, the number of men and women employed in full-time teaching there is almost equal. Barnard and Wellesley are the only Seven Sisters colleges to hire more women than men, 1 but at all these colleges except Wellesley, men control the full professorships and the chairmanships.5 Even the one group of educational institutions founded to give women college educations and access to professional careers do not, after more than 50 years of activity, serve as models demonstrating to the rest of the community the abilities of women to manage demanding careers in responsible positions theoretically open to them. All these women’s colleges lack the endowment of their male equivalents; all of them have fewer facilities; all pay lower salaries to their faculty. The differences between Barnard and Columbia salaries are well known, ‘Affairs and Business, the proportion of degrees earned by women is a more accurate guide than the overall proportion of doctorates earned by women. The following data for post-1949 degrees will give some idea of the proportion of Ph.D.s going to women in these subjects. 1949-53 -1954-59 1961-6 Law ~ .02 .03 .04- History .11 .12 .11 Political Science .08 .06 .08 Sociology .14 .14 .19 Economics .06 .04 .05 Business ' i .07 .03 1 .03 5 Token Learning: A Study 0/ Women’s Higher Education in America, Education Committee of the National Organization for Women, New York Chapter (Kate Millet, Chairman), 1968, pp. 37-40.